The selection of site for the final repository for spent nuclear fuel is the result of an extensive siting process that began in the early 1990s. The process includes feasibility studies, county-specific studies, site investigations and other studies. Strategy and organization of the work was based on experience from research and development for more than ten years earlier.
In year 2002 site investigations started in Forsmark and Simpevarp (Oskarshamn). In 2009 SKB selected Forsmark as the site for the final repository for spent nuclear fuel.
In the 1990s, SKB conducted feasibility studies in eight municipalities. The purpose of the study was to assess if there was potential for further studies for a repository in the municipality. The feasibility studies were carried out in 8 municipalities focusing on four areas: Safety, Technology, Land and environment, Society. Kemakta was involved in studies of Land and environment in six of the municipalities.
- Förstudie Oskarshamn. Markanvändning och miljöaspekter. SKB R-98-42. (Report about Land and environment in Oskarshamns municipality. Similar reports are available for Östhammar, Tierp, Älvkarleby, Hultsfred, Nyköping, Storuman and Malå. The reports are only available in Swedish).
- SKB TR-01-16, Feasibility Studies – Östhammar, Nyköping, Oskarshamn, Tierp, Hultsfred and Älvkarleby. Summary Report. (The report summarizes important results and conclusions from the feasibility studies.)
County-specific studies were carried out in all counties with the exception of Gotland. The studies indicate areas with potentially suitable/unsuitable conditions for further studies. The focus was on the geoscientific conditions, but studies of Land and environment were carried out as well. Kemakta was involved in the studies of Land and environment, that resulted in about 20 reports, all in Swedish.
In spring 2011 SKB applied to the Land and Environmental Court in Nacka and to SSM for permission to build a repository for spent nuclear fuel in Forsmark and an encapsulation plant in Oskarshamn.
The licence applications include an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) and a consultation report. According to the Environmental Code, the consultations shall concern the siting, scope, design and environmental impact of the applied-for activity or measure, as well as the form and content of the EIS. SKB initiated the consultations in 2002 in both Oskarshamn and Östhammar. The consultations were concluded in May 2010. About 60 consultation meeting were carried out. More than 2000 questions and viewpoints were put forward.
The consultation with the countries around the Baltic Sea under the Espoo Convention will be finalized in 2016. Kemakta has been involved in the consultation process since 2002.
- Samrådsredogörelse. Samråd enligt miljöbalkens 6:e kapitel 4 § avseende mellanlagring, inkapsling och slutförvaring av använt kärnbränsle. SKB P-10-34. (This is the consultation report. Only available in Swedish).
All viewpoints from the consultation meetings and the written consultations together with SKB:s answers have been compiled yearly. The compilations are available on www.skb.se.
- Consultations according to the Environmental Code. Compilation 2009-2010.
- Consultations according to the Environmental Code. Compilation 2008.
- Consultations according to the Environmental Code. Compilation 2007.
- Consultations according to the Environmental Code. Compilation 2006.
- Consultations according to the Environmental Code. Compilation 2005.
- Extended consultations according to the Environmental Code. Compilation 2004.
- Extended consultations according to the Environmental Code. Compilation 2003.
A central document in the applications is the safety assessment, SR.Site.
Furthermore, Kemakta has been involved in other documents that are included in the applications.